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Posts Tagged ‘Wirtschaft’

Gaza direkt

Gerade in den letzten Tagen fand ich zwei blogs, die aus Gaza berichten. Der erste von Theodore May, der gerade einen kurzen Aufenthalt dort begann, als wegen einer in Ashdod gelandeten Rakete Israel verschiedene Angriffe flog. Auch seine Tweets finde ich sehr informativ.

Soweit die Sicht eines Besuchers, der natürlich eine andere Perspektive hat, als die Bewohner selbst. Wie z.B.  Leila El-Haddad, die als „Gazamom“ bloggt und twittert.

Heute fand ich einen Artikel von ihr im Guardian. Wie in vielen Diskussionen geht es auch hier um die Frage, was und wie die Blockade ist. Ihre Antwort fand ich gut.

During the eight hours of electricity we get each day, I logged on to the internet and browsed the English-language papers. It seemed like suddenly everyone was an expert on Gaza, claiming they knew what it’s really like. Naysayers and their ilk have been providing us with the same „evidence“ that Gaza is burgeoning: the markets are full of produce, fancy restaurants abound, there are pools and parks and malls … all is well in the most isolated place on earth – Gaza, the „prison camp“ that is not.

If you take things at face value, and set aside for a moment the bizarre idea that the availability of such amenities precludes the existence of hardship, you’ll be inclined to believe what you read.

So, is there a humanitarian crisis or not? That seems to be the question of the hour. But it is the wrong one to be asking.

The message I’ve been hearing over and over again since I returned to Gaza is this: the siege is not a siege on foods; it is a siege on freedoms – freedom to move in and out of Gaza, freedom to fish more than three miles out at to sea, freedom to learn, to work, to farm, to build, to live, to prosper.

Gaza was never a place with a quantitative food shortage; it is a place where many people lack the means to buy food and other goods because of a closure policy whose tenets are „no development, no prosperity, and no humanitarian crisis„, Gisha, the Legal Centre for the Freedom of Movement, explained in a press release.

The move from a „white list“ of allowable imports to a „black list“ might sound in good in theory (ie everything is banned except xyz, to only the following things are banned) but in practice only 40% of Gaza’s supply needs are being met, according to Gisha. The Palestinian Federation of Industries estimates that only a few hundred of Gaza’s 3,900 factories and workshops will be able to start up again under present conditions

Sure, there are a handful of fancy restaurants in Gaza. And yes, there is a new mall (infinitely smaller and less glamorous than it has been portrayed).

As for food, it is in good supply, having found its way here either through Israeli crossings or the vast network of tunnels between Gaza and Egypt. Of course, this leaves aside the question of who in Gaza’s largely impoverished population (the overwhelming majority of whose income is less than $2 a day, 61% of whom are food insecure) can really afford mangoes at $4 a kilo or grapes at $8 a kilo. A recent trip to the grocery store revealed that meat has risen to $13 a kilo. Fish, once a cheap source of protein, goes for $15 to $35 a kilo. And so on.

Prices are on par with those of a developed country, except we are not in a developed country. We are a de-developed occupied territory.

All of the above adds up to the erasure of the market economy and its replacement with a system where everyone is turned into some kind of welfare recipient. But people don’t want handouts and uncertainty and despair; they want their dignity and their freedom, employment and prosperity and possibility.

Perhaps most significantly, they want to be able to move freely – something they still cannot do.

Ich denke, das gibt Antworten genug – aus erster Hand.

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Trotz der Blockade wird in Gaza weiter gelernt, gearbeitet – und geforscht. Rami Almeghari berichtet  auf „electronic intifada“ über eine Ausstellung von Neuheiten und Produkten „made in Gaza“.

Eine davon fand ich besonders beeindruckend – und aus der Situation in Gaza entstanden:

At another corner of the exhibition, Huda Abu Shammala and Ula Skaik, two recent graduates in electrical engineering from the Islamic University of Gaza, stood behind a metal detector that they recently built — and which they hope could be used to detect land mines and unexploded ordinance.

During its winter 2008-09 invasion of the Gaza Strip, Israel heavily bombed the Islamic University. The UN-commissioned Goldstone report stated that the targeted facilities „were civilian, educational buildings“ and that the investigators „did not find any information about their use as a military facility or their contribution to a military effort that might have made them a legitimate target in the eyes of the Israeli armed forces.“

The young women’s device resembles a miniature combat tank with treads to propel it forward, except it carries no weapons. Instead, a probe extends from an arm in front of it.

„This robot metal detector is made of simple materials that already exist here,“ Abu Shammala told The Electronic Intifada. „As you see, the circuit is small, the structure is made of metal, and the treads that make it move as well as the detection arm, all are locally found.“

The device can detect metals down to a depth of 15 centimeters below the ground.

„The idea came to us during the Israeli war on Gaza in January 2009,“ said Abu Shammala. „We heard that the Israeli forces used such equipment to comb the areas they invaded.“ She hoped that her and Skaik’s robot could be developed to detect land mines and ordnance especially in border areas where Israel has declared „buffer zones“ inside the Gaza Strip which prevent farmers from cultivating their own land.

Ein preiswertes Minensuchgerät, das die Arbeit auf den Feldern einmal wieder sicherer machen kann, und das auch jetzt schon aus Restmaterialien hergestellt werden kann. Somit ist man nicht auf israelische Einfuhrerlaubnisse angewiesen.

Der ganze Artikel ist interessant, ich hätte gerne noch mehr über die Ausstellung gewusst.

Wenn einmal wieder alle notwendigen Materialien erhältlich sind, kann da hoffentlich noch viel weiter entwickelt werden.

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