Laut Oslo-Abkommen bilden Gaza und die Westbank eine Einheit. Hat auch Israel unterschrieben. Nur, in der Praxis will Israel bestimmen, wer wann von wo nach wo reisen oder gar umziehen darf. Dabei kommt es immer wieder zu äußerst unschönen Ergebnissen.
Amira Hass schrieb über die Fast-Unmöglichkeit für einen Gazzawi, in der Westbank zu heiraten – am Besten den ganzen Artikel lesen, hier ein Auszug:
Like every Gazan, Ehab knows he needs an Israeli permit to enter the West Bank from Jordan. And so well in advance, even before he landed in Amman on December 10 of this year, he contacted Gisha so the legal advocacy group for freedom of movement could submit the application on his behalf. Here are the steps that followed suit:
1. On November 22, Gisha applied in writing to the army’s Coordination and Liaison Office for Gaza and requested a permit for Ehab. For this is one of the bureaucratic rules of the closure and the separation between Gaza and the West Bank: Everyone who has a Gaza address in his identity card and needs any kind of Israeli permit must apply to the liaison office, even if he resides in Ramallah – or New York. Days passed and no answer came.
2. On December 6 Gisha wrote to the Justice Ministry’s department of petitions to the High Court of Justice, a procedure called a „pre-petition“ that sometimes gets the authorities to move more quickly. The pre-petition did indeed get something moving.
3. On the very same day the answer came back: Ehab must direct his request to the Palestinian Civil Affairs Committee in the Gaza Strip, and only after the committee forwards the request to the Israeli side will the Israel authorities consider it. (The civil affairs committee serves as the postman between Palestinians and the Israeli liaison office, which makes the decisions. ) Logical? Not very.
4. The Coordination and Liaison Office knows that the Palestinian Civil Affairs Committee does not accept requests to enter the West Bank from Gazans who are not physically in Gaza. Why not? Because according to the Palestinian committee, the army’s liaison office usually declines to even process them.
5. Nevertheless, on December 8, Ehab’s mother filed a request with the Palestinian Civil Affairs Committee in Gaza (which is subordinate to the Civil Affairs Ministry in the Palestinian Authority in Ramallah ), asking for permission for him to enter the West Bank via the Allenby Bridge in order to become engaged to marry. The civil affairs committee acceded to the pleas of Gisha and sent the request to the military liaison office. Days went by and no answer came.
6. On December 14 Gisha petitioned the High Court of Justice with a request to allow Ehab to enter the West Bank for a defined period, to ask for the hand of the woman he wants to marry, who is slated to join him in the United States.
7. On the same day Gisha received a reply from the liaison office’s center for public applications. It was dated December 13. The name of the person who wrote it was not noted, but that person’s superior officers are Col. Khatib Mansour, the head of the Coordination and Liaison Administration for Gaza, and Maj. Gen. Eitan Dangot, coordinator of government activities in the territories.
The reply states: „Firstly, we will note that in accordance with the working procedures agreed upon with the Palestinian Authority, all applications concerning entry of Palestinians from the Gaza Strip into Israeli territory must be addressed to the Palestinian Civil Affairs Committee, which constitutes the body responsible for coordination, prioritization and transfer to the Israeli side of applications from Palestinian inhabitants of the Judea and Samaria District and the Gaza Strip. Moreover, it should be noted that at the present time, in light of the current political and security situation, entry of Gaza Strip residents into Israel is not allowed apart from exceptional humanitarian cases with emphasis on urgent medical cases.
„For details of all the criteria … you are invited to enter the Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories site on the Internet… Specifically, let it be made clear immediately that after looking into your client’s matter is has been decided to refuse his request [emphasis added].“
Seit 1997 wurden die beiden Gebiete immer mehr voneinander abgeschnitten. Zunächst war ein Gazzawi, der sich ohne israelische Erlaubnis in der Westbank aufhielt, ein Illegaler. Nach neuerer Gesetzeslage gilt er als Eindringling, der ohne weiteres deportiert werden kann. Tolle Autonomie.